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|Alt + F||File menu options in current program.|
|Alt + E||Edit options in current program|
|F1||Universal Help in almost every Windows program.|
|Ctrl + A||Select all text.|
|Ctrl + X||Cut selected item.|
|Shift + Del||Cut selected item.|
|Ctrl + C||Copy selected item.|
|Ctrl + Ins||Copy selected item|
|Ctrl + V||Paste|
|Shift + Ins||Paste|
|Home||Goes to beginning of current line.|
|Ctrl + Home||Goes to beginning of document.|
|End||Goes to end of current line.|
|Ctrl + End||Goes to end of document.|
|Shift + Home||Highlights from current position to beginning of line.|
|Shift + End||Highlights from current position to end of line.|
|Ctrl + Left arrow||Moves one word to the left at a time.|
|Ctrl + Right arrow||Moves one word to the right at a time.|
Top 10 keyboard shortcuts everyone should know
Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert
Copy the highighted text or selected item.
Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert
Paste the text or object that’s in the clipboard.
Ctrl + Z and Ctrl + Y
Undo any change. For example, if you cut text, pressing this will undo it. This can also often be pressed multiple times to undo multiple changes. Pressing Ctrl + Y would redo the undo.
Ctrl + F
Open the Find in any program. This includes your Internet browser to find text on the current page.
Alt + Tab or Alt + Esc
Quickly switch between open programs moving forward.
Press Ctrl + Tab to switch between tabs in a program.
Adding the Shift Key to Alt + Tab or Ctrl + Tab will move backwards. For example, if you are pressing Alt + Tab and pass the program you want to switch to, press Alt + Shift + Tab to move backwards to that program.
Windows Vista and 7 users can also press the Windows Key + Tab to switch through open programs in a full screenshot of the Window.
Ctrl + Back space and Ctrl + Left arrow / Right arrow
Pressing Ctrl + Backspace will delete a full word at a time instead of a single character.
Holding down the Ctrl key while pressing the left or right arrow will move the cursor one word at a time instead of one character at a time. If you wanted to highlight one word at a time you can hold down Ctrl + Shift and then press the left or right arrow key to move one word at a time in that direction while highlighting each word.
Ctrl + S
While working on a document or other file in almost every program pressing Ctrl + S will save that file. This shortcut key should be used frequently anytime you’re working on anything important.
Ctrl + Home / End
Move the cursor to the beginning or end of a document.
Ctrl + P
Print the page being viewed. For example, the document in Microsoft Word or the web page in your Internet browser.
Page Up / Space bar and Page Down
Pressing either the page up or page down key will move that page one page at a time in that direction. When browsing the Internet pressing the space bar will also move the page down one page at a time. If you press Shift and the Space bar the page will go up a page at a time.
F1 through F12 keys
- Almost always used as the help key, almost every program will open the help screen when this key is pressed.
- Enter CMOS Setup.
- Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
- Open the Task Pane.
- In Windows commonly used to rename a highlighted icon or file.
- Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens a new document in Microsoft Word.
- Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word.
- Enter CMOS Setup.
- Often opens a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows.
- In MS-DOS or Windows command line F3 will repeat the last command.
- Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
- Open find window.
- Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
- Alt + F4 will close the program currently active in Microsoft Windows.
- Ctrl + F4 will close the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.
- In all modern Internet browsers pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document window.
- Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
- Starts a slideshow in PowerPoint.
- Move the cursor to the Address bar in Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.
- Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
- Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.
- Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
- Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.
- Function key used to enter the Windows startup menu, commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.
- Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
- In Microsoft Windows activates the menu bar of an open application.
- Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
- Access the hidden recovery partition on HP and Sony computers.
- Enter CMOS Setup.
- Full-screen mode in all modern Internet browsers.
- Ctrl + F11 as computer is starting to access the hidden recovery partition on many Dell computers.
- Access the hidden recovery partition on eMachines, Gateway, and Lenovo computers.
- Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word.
- Shift + F12 save the Microsoft Word document.
- Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
Earlier IBM computers also had F13 – F24 on the keyboards. However, because these keyboards are no longer used they are not listed on this page.
Keyboard shortcut keys
|CTRL + B||Moves the cursor backward one character.|
|CTRL + C||Cancels the currently running command.|
|CTRL + D||Logs out of the current session.|
|CTRL + F||Moves the cursor forward one character.|
|CTRL + H||Erase one character. Similar to pressing backspace.|
|CTRL + P||Paste previous line(s).|
|CTRL + S||Stops all output on screen (XOFF).|
|CTRL + Q||Turns all output stopped on screen back on (XON).|
|CTRL + U||Erases the complete line.|
|CTRL + W||Deletes the last word typed in. For example, if you typed ‘mv file1 file2’ this shortcut would delete file2.|
|CTRL + Z||Cancels current operation, moves back a directory or takes the current operation and moves it to the background. Seebg command for additional information about background.|
In addition to the below command line shortcuts, it is also helpful to use the alias command that allows you to specify a keyword for frequently used commands or mistakes.
|~||Moves to the user’s home directory.|
|!!||Repeats the line last entered at the shell. See historycommand for previous commands.|
|!$||Repeats the last argument for the command last used. Seehistory command for previous commands.|
|reset||Resets the terminal if terminal screen is not displaying correctly.|
|shutdown -h now||Remotely or locally shuts the system down.|